There is a lot to say about the topic of currents.
There are 4 different types of flow:
1. Flow created by heat exchange
2. Flow created by wind
3. Flow created by the tides
4. Flow created by the breaking of a wave
No matter what kind of current it is, basically it can be stated that they can be useful (see also Channel), as well as very dangerous.
But there is always danger if you do not know enough. That's why it is z. For example, it is important that you ask other surfers about the flow conditions on a foreign beach.
It is also helpful to memorize striking points on land, which give you an overview, in which direction and whether you abdreiben at all.
Different temperatures provide currents that balance them. One of the best known global streams is e.g. the Gulf Stream. And although these currents affect our global weather, they are not relevant to us surfers in direct connection.
On days with heavy winds or even storms, you'll notice that your surfboard is not as easy to hold in position as usual.
Local winds play with the surface of the water and set it in motion. For example, if you are dealing with a strong offshore, you will find that it is not so easy to paddle a wave against the wind.
The tides play a very important role with regard to the wave quality and the surfability of a spot. In the current, however, they are rather negligible. Only on islands it can happen that the currents intensify when water runs off or runs up. Always keep an eye on the tides and your position in the water.
The current that results from breaking waves always has the biggest impact on you and your surf. The water, which is discharged on the coast, would like to flow back into the sea. For this, it seeks the path of the least resistance and pulls out at these points - usually places where no wave breaks - again outside. We can use the resulting channels to get behind the line-up quickly and save energy. For inexperienced swimmers, however, they are often a major threat, as they are usually unable to gauge how they get out of a channel and often panic.
For this reason: Stay with your surfboard, no matter how sensitive the situation appears to you. With your board you can get out of a potential danger situation faster and more safely than swimming!
Always watch your position in the water and avoid clashing with rocks and rocks.
To escape a current, there are the following important rules:
ALWAYS paddle or swim at a right angle out of the current and try again to get into the white water of the broken waves. It takes you ashore.
But always keep an eye on the ground above which you are.
How much space is between you and the ground? How much room remains when a wave reaches me and overflows?