Surf Glossary - S: from sandbank to swell



A sandbar is nothing more than a submerged underwater water near the beach, a pile of sand underwater near the shore.
The shape and location of this pile of sand, however, has a great influence on the shape and quality of the wave of the corresponding beach.
Through storms and tides the sandbars are constantly in motion. Therefore, over the course of a year, the location and quality of the breaking waves can change dramatically.


With Scoop is meant the bending of the surfboard.
If you lay a board on the ground and look at it from the side, you can see this bend very well. The more flexing / soop a surfboard has the more turning it gets. The less bending / scoop a surfboard has, the faster it glides. So the scoop is a compromise between the ability to spin and glide on every surfboard and varies according to the area of use of the surfboard. A board for powerful waves rather has more scoop a board for weak / small waves rather less.


Waves always come in intervals - so-called sets. That means they come in groups and more or less regularly. You can and should watch this phenomenon well from the beach, because it makes little sense at the end when a set of waves comes in. Look at a few sets and count the seconds between the sets. (The time when the sea behaves calmly). When you're out there waiting for the next set, do not take the first wave of an incoming set. If you do not get the wave, you will be taken from all subsequent waves in the "shortage". In addition, the first wave is usually not the best. So wait and watch!


The shape is the design of the surfboard / surfboard, its shape or dimensions such as: size, width, thickness, etc.
There are countless different shapes, depending on how experienced the surfer is and which waves he prefers surfing.


A shaper is the one who builds your surfboard for you. It is based on your body measurements and your driving style. Be honest with your shaper if you have a board built. It does not help much to tell him that you would like to do radical turns if I still have problems with Take Off. In the worst case, you'll get a surfboard that will not get you ahead, and you'll probably not enjoy surfing that way.
A shaper also knows what is good for your damaged board and what materials you can use to repair your board so as not to damage it further.

Shore break

Shorebreak is waves breaking directly onto the beach. Shorebreaks are formed especially at high tide and should not be underestimated.
Often it is not so easy to get out of the water in a shorebreak "elegant", without a "belly punch" on the beach. You should watch the wave sets carefully and go ashore in the break between two wave sets.


The shortboard is the smallest board among the surfboards. With him you are able to perform radical maneuvers.
Many surfers resort to too short a board too early. A shortboard requires a fast, powerful paddling from a very steep part of the shaft, as well as the ability for more balance and dexterity.
In order to achieve the radical driving of maneuvers, both the volume and the length are severely limited.


Safety should always be paramount when surfing. That's why there are rules. Among other things, these rules can be found in our Take Off Surftheide brochure, which you can obtain free of charge from us for every surfing course. Learn these rules carefully and pay attention to each other in the water. Never be reckless or careless in favor of a wave. Beginners should always be integrated into their care, because for them it is more difficult to pay attention to all things at the same time or avoid them.
For your own safety, it is important to protect your head and neck with your arms as soon as you lose contact with your own surfboard. You should master this arm movement reflexively, because the only thing you can hurt yourself while surfing is your own surfboard.
Of course, we pay particular attention to safety in our surf lessons and every surf course includes a detailed safety briefing.


By Sideshore is meant that the wind comes from the side. (see also onshore, offshore)


[Translate to English:]

On the subject of history of skateboarding, the first of many is the movie "Dogtown and Z Boys" by Stacey Peralta, a driver of the legendary 1970s Zephyr Team.
The film tells the story of the "Z-Boys" founded by the owner of the Zephyr Surf Shop in California near Venice Beach. The Zephir Surfshop was founded in 1972 by Jeff Ho, Skip Engblom and artist Craig Stecyk. The three revolutionized the construction and design of surfboards / surfboards at that time. The boards from their shop were regarded as something exclusive and were part of the rebellious image of the surfers who surfed at the nearby Pacific Ocean Pier. The Pacific Ocean Pier was not a safe spot, as there were many debris from the Pacific Ocean Park, a former amusement park in the water.
The Zephir Boys emerged from a group of local surfers with strict recording rules. Hard guys who came from difficult backgrounds and surfing was the way to show their freedom and ineptitude.
It was Skip Engblom who initiated the process that made skateboarding what it was and is today. Inspired by new materials, he started to make skating more popular again and especially encouraged children and adolescents. The kids tried to imitate the surfing styles of the famous surfers of that time with the skateboard, for many the Sakteboarden was the alternative if the waves for surfing were too bad. They used empty swimming pools to have a kind of endless wave of concrete. The pool riding was something that initially only the drivers of the Zephyr team practiced. Soon, investors and sponsors became aware of the team and made Jay Adams, Stacey Peralta and Tony Alva popular. Tony Alva became the first skateboarding world champion and used his fame to start his own company "Alva Skateboards". Today, Stacey Peralta mainly produces films and has put a lot of patience and effort into the development of the sport.

Four years after the opening of the Zephyr Shop, this was already facing financial ruin and the drivers were increasingly turning to other companies.
Not only did the Z Boys influence the skateboard scene, it's no exaggeration to say that they invented Sakteboarding as we know it today.


The softboard is the most suitable surfboard / surfboard for beginners in surfing.
Meis, softboards have the same shape / shape as a minimalibu or malibu. Softboards have a foam-coated surface and soft rubber fins. Because of their coating, they do not need to be waxed. Above all, the soft surface helps prevent accidents when surfing. On the fins of the softboards you can not cut and the soft material on its surface gives the Softboard no hard surfaces or edges where you can hurt yourself.
In the Australian Surfing Association (ASA) and the English Surfing Association (BSA) is the use of softboards for surfing schools duty.


Since you are more or less vulnerable in the water of the sun all day long, you should not forget when surfing, to protect yourself from sunburn. The face is most sensitive to sunburn. Many products today are tailored to the needs of water sports enthusiasts and they are even available without preservatives. This means you not only protect your skin with the use of such a sunscreen but also the environment.


The spot or surf spot is the place to go surfing. Many surf spots are listed in surf magazines, surf books or on the internet. (see also surf tripmap). With the help of these surfspot directories, your surfing trips can be planned more easily. Most of the time you will find the recorded spots and the wave and wind conditions that bring the respective surf spot to life. That these wave and wind conditions can change at different seasons, you should include in your travel planning.

With a little luck, you'll even find a secret spot on your travels. The Secret Spot is a surf spot that is not included in any surfspot directory and where no or only a few people surf or wave.
But note not yet described spots that they could also have hazards, such as strong currents, rocky, flat surfaces, etc. It's best to ask the local fishermen or residents if you are unsure. Most of them know best about the "sea on their doorstep".

Square Tail/Squash Tail

Most surfboards have square or squash tails. As the name implies, the tail of the surfboard is square with more rounded corners. The square or squash tail provides volume at the stern of the surfboard. Volume needed for tight and radical turns.

Stand Up Paddle Surfing (SUP)

At the SUP, the surfer is upright on a very large surfboard from the start. At the beginning of the SUP you used simple longboards, as they were most able to carry the weight of a standing surfer with paddles.
There are now so-called stand-up paddle surfboards, which usually start at a length of 10 feet / 3 meters. This length does not make the boards handy. But they have good gliding properties and you can surf waves, which would not be possible with a normal surfboard.
The paddle, which the standing surfer uses for the movement, has a length of approx. 2 meters. Stand Up Paddle Boards have the same design and characteristics of surfboards, they are just bigger and more voluminous.
The SUP is a complex whole body workout and trains equally strength, endurance and the sense of balance.
The origins of stand-up paddling, like the origins of surfing itself, can be found in Hawaii. There, the surfers were able to quickly overcome long distances with the help of the long piercing paddle and also drive into smaller waves.
Surf instructors also used this type of faster locomotion to get to their students better.
There are now international competitions in standing paddle surfing. A distinction is made between distance competitions and the competitions in surfing.

Surfboard (see also board)

Tip: A large selection of different surfboards and wetsuits, as well as our online product consultants (surfboard and neoprene finder) can be found in our online surf shop. We also advise you by phone or via email.


A surf camp is a place for surfing with other "like-minded" surfers.
The term surf camp does not necessarily mean accommodation in a camp - tent. Much more is about the coming together of people with the same interests, ie the community with other surfers.
The first surfcamps were created in the 40s of the 20th century. The surfing was still in its infancy and only a few "crazy" of this time devoted their lives completely to surfing.

The Nirvana of the surfers was then - just like today - Hawaii. With year round warm temperatures, warm waters and breathtaking waves, Hawaii was and is the ultimate surfing destination. The most famous surfing area is the north coast of Oahu. On this wild north coast of Oahu, the first surfers, who had devoted their lives completely to surfing, camped here. This small group of enthusiasts founded the first surf camp.

Meanwhile, surfing has become a popular sport, but nothing has been lost from the fascination of the sport. On the contrary, every year, more and more people are enthusiastic about the "sport of kings from ancient Hawaii".

Under professional guidance surfing can be learned quickly and safely and it is enough to have a short week of surfing lessons to be infected by the enthusiasm of the sport forever. The most fun is learning surfing with a group of like-minded people in a surf camp. It does not necessarily have to be a tent camp at the surf camp. It's about being together with other surfers. Therefore, a surf camp can also be a house with apartments or bungalows, it is important that you can do something with the other surfers after the joint surfing. Often this creates new friendships.

The Canary Islands are the ideal place for a surf camp, because like Hawaii, there are warm temperatures all year round, warm water and perfect waves. The ideal place to start surfing and for advanced surfers to improve their surfing skills.
The Canary Island with the best conditions for surfing is Fuerteventura. Here in the south of Fuerteventura are the OTRO MODO surf camps in Costa Calma and Morro Jable.

Surf Racks

Surf racks are very practical and there are many different designs and designs. Surf Racks are attached to the bike, car, etc. and facilitate the transport. In our surf school office in Morro Jable we rent beach cruiser bikes with surf racks.

Surf Sticker

Stickers (stickers) are an integral part of the surf culture and belong on a surfboard, as the proverbial salt in the soup. Whether the logo of a cool surfing company or a surfing message like: "Work Sucks, Go Surfing!" A surf sticker is a statement and gives your VW bus, your surfboard and everything a sticker sticks to your individual touch.

Surf trip map

When you travel, you will always be looking for surf spots. What can help you is the surf tripmap. A beautifully designed wall map with all the important surf spots of this earth. So you are guaranteed to become a Boy Scout and still have a really handsome wall decoration that will remind you until your next trip that there is not just one spot in the world you must have seen:

Swallow Tail/Fish Tail/V Tail

The swallow tail is not unlike a fish fin and serves to make a very wide tail controllable again. Basically, it can also be described as a double pin tail. This shape is often seen on the thick, wide fishboards. With their tail they reinforce the impression that it is the shape of a fish.

Swell (see also waves)

Swell refers to the waves, swells, or actually the wave energy that moves across the ocean, propagates and decides to finally break as a wave on a coast.